Costa Rica is Known for Beautiful Beaches, Rainforests, and High-Quality Coffee

by Matthew Kellso August 30, 2019 3 min read

Costa Rica is Known for Beautiful Beaches, Rainforests, and High-Quality Coffee

Costa Rica has been known for its high-grade coffee for many decades. With roughly 14 million bags of coffee, leaving the country every year, coffee fuels the economy in Costa Rica. Let's put that in perspective for a minute. Costa Rica is about 80% of the size of West Virginia. However, they are 80th in the world in export volume, due in large part by the coffee industry. Another way to look at it is with them producing 14 million bags of coffee, each person in their entire population produces ~450 lbs of coffee. They are the only nation in the world to ban all other varieties of beans except Arabica. So not only are they produce coffee en masse, but they are also producing some of the most exceptional coffee in the world.

Costa Rican Coffee History and Geography

As we briefly mentioned, Costa Rican coffees are known to have some of the best coffee flavor profiles in south/central America. The high-grown altitudes, pleasant acidity, and crisp taste all attribute to their many positive coffee reviews. Costa Rica is blessed with volcanic soil and beautiful weather, which often consists of sunshine in the morning and rain later in the afternoon, I've been there when people were complaining about this pattern, but being an Arizona guy...I love this season. Costa Rica is currently the 14th largest coffee producer in the world, which is actually surprising to me. I would've guessed higher. However, even though they do not produce as much as Guatemala and Honduras, they tend to grow more high-quality coffee beans. I've experienced this in sampling coffees. It is much easier to find a standout Costa Rican coffee than many other countries, and it is much harder to turn a good one away.

Since the early 19th century, coffee has been more than a crop, it is a way of life for the Costa Rican people. After the country declared independence from Spain in 1821, the government handed out coffee seeds to encourage production. As well as distributing beans to people, the Costa Rican government further promoted coffee by making it a tax-exempt crop. This led to the mass exportation of coffee, which began around 1832 and was primarily shipped to Panama and Chile, but eventually was directly exported to England. With a remarkable amount of positive feedback from the English consumers, an Anglo-Costa Rican Bank was established to provide financial aid to help the coffee industry flourish.

After this time and for quite a while, coffee was the sole export product of Costa Rica. Because of this economic boom, the infrastructure of Costa Rica improved tremendously. Railroads were built, hospitals and post offices were fully funded, and the culture progressed by developing theaters, libraries, and universities. Today, 90% of the coffee plantations are owned by producers, keeping the money local and making the beans easily tracible to small-town farmers. Another simple way farmers make money is by offering tours to many North American tourists. It is truly incredible to see how something as small as a coffee bean can completely change the economy and status of an entire country.

Costa Rican Coffee Flavor Profile

Because Costa Rica has a perfect tropical climate for the arabica plant, their beans display an extraordinarily rich, full-bodied, and clean taste. Another source of that rich flavor is the volcanic ash located in the soil, which is a unique characteristic of Costa Rica's land. This trait allows the coffee plant to oxygenate the beans, unlike most other coffee-growing soils. As a result of Costa Rica's diverse terrain, many different regions offer far-ranging flavor profiles. The most common source is the region of Tarrazú. Hidden within the interior mountains of Costa Rica, this part of the valley is known for its acidic taste and thick aromas. Another common region is Occidental, which produces tasting notes of peaches, apricots, and tropical fruit. Costa Rica's extremely diverse range of flavors makes it a staple in any coffee lovers rotation.

Quick Facts -Costa Rica:

Growing Altitude
1,200 - 1,800 (above sea level)
Harvesting Season
August-January
Temperature
63 – 73 ℉
Small Scale Farmers
80,000
Coffee Varietals
Typica, Caturra, Catuai, Villa Sarchi, Bourbon, Gesha, Villalobos

Matthew Kellso
Matthew Kellso



Also in Sagebrush Coffee Education

Sagebrush Coffee's Coffee Classifications Explained: Brown vs. Gold vs. Black Label
Sagebrush Coffee's Coffee Classifications Explained: Brown vs. Gold vs. Black Label

by Matthew Kellso January 17, 2020 4 min read

If you have perused our website, you might have noticed that we categorize our coffees by two different labels: Gold and Black. I have received several emails recently asking what these labels mean and how we choose to classify our coffee. Like wine, there is a hierarchy when it comes to the beans and the coffee it brews. 
Read More
A Thoughtful Coffee Bag Redesign | By Jonathan Kellso
A Thoughtful Coffee Bag Redesign | By Jonathan Kellso

by Matthew Kellso November 29, 2019 5 min read

Today is a big day for Sagebrush: as we are heading into the holiday season, we are implementing our coffee bags’ new look!

Here’s a little mini-essay giving the complete rundown on our thought process behind absolutely every move we’ve made in this redesign process, and how you, the valued customer, are benefitting from all of this.

Read More
Washed-Coffee: The Most Popular Processing Method
Washed-Coffee: The Most Popular Processing Method

by Zoe Maiden October 18, 2019 3 min read

     When you purchase a bag of coffee (preferably from Sagebrush), you will notice three primary descriptors: the roast profile, flavor notes, and processing method. The processing method is a factor that is relatively unknown and often overlooked by coffee consumers, yet it is critical to the overall flavor profile of coffee. In a brief description, a processing method refers to the technique used to transform a ripe coffee cherry into the green coffee exported to roasters. How coffee is plucked, washed, and dried will influence the mouthfeel, aroma, and taste. There are three processing techniques coffee producers use: Natural (or dry), Honey (or pulped natural), and the widely popular, Washed (or wet) process. Today, we will further discuss the washed processing method.
Read More

Join Our Over 10k Subscribers!

Coffee Grinds Explained

We currently offer 4 different coffee grind levels.  Listed below with descriptions.

Whole Bean: Unground coffee for a home grinder.

Coarse: Think sugar in the raw, maybe more coarse, recommended for Chemex Brewer, French Press, Cold Brew

Medium: Slightly coarser than table salt, recommended for Metal Kone filters, Flat bottom brewers including Kalitta, Cloth filters

Fine:  Slightly finer than table salt, recommended for V60 pour overs, Cone filter coffee pots, Moka Pot, Aeropress.

Extra Fine: Like powdered sugar, recommended for Espresso.

If at all possible, we recommend grinding at home. We prefer Baratza coffee grinders and offer several of their models for sale. Click here to shop for one of their brewers.